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How To Calculate CGPA

by Adeel Ikram

How To Calculate CGPA Step by Step Complete Guide

What exactly is a CGPA?

How To Calculate CGPA an acronym for cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is CGPA (cumulative grade point average). CCE (Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation System) for Class X was the first to use this method of evaluation. The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is the average grade point of the student’s performance across all courses, omitting the extra Subject. Student performance is measured and recorded in the form of grades, which are assigned to each subject.

How To Calculate CGPA

What is the purpose of using it?

The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) is used to reflect the overall performance of the student during the academic session as grades. The CGPA system was implemented in order to relieve students of the burden of grades and the stress associated with examinations. In part, as a result, the CGPA system is also employed in various bachelor’s and master’s degree programmes.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Using CGPA

The cumulative grade point average (CGPA) method is used to determine a student’s performance in academics. Despite this, there are certain advantages and disadvantages.


  • Grading has been implemented as part of the CGPA system, which has alleviated the pressure associated with achieving higher grades because the grades are not recorded on report cards.
  • Depending on the grades, different subjects can be given more or less emphasis than others. Subjects’ capability and performance can be determined with relative ease.
  • There are several categories of students that can be identified. It becomes easier for teachers to pay attention to diverse groups in the appropriate manner as a result of this.
  • It allows pupils to gain a clear understanding of their academic strengths and areas for improvement.


Students who are motivated by a sense of competition will be discouraged by the CGPA system, which eliminates that sense of competition. By removing the element of competition, pupils may concentrate on clearing simply the grades and not achieving higher marks.

The outcome is erroneously calculated. Grades are not a reliable indicator of a student’s overall achievement. Assuming you are using the CGPA method, 91 points equals A1, and 100 points equal A1. Similarly, a score of 89 is equivalent to an A2 and a score of 92 is equivalent to an A1, which is a significant difference in grade but just a difference of three points in reality.

In the CCE system, the activities and projects that a student completes are also accountable for the grades that he or she receives. In this case, a student may receive greater marks just by performing better in activities rather than in examinations.

What makes it different from a grade point average?

When a student’s grade point average (GPA) is calculated, it represents the average of the grades earned by the student during the semester or term. CGPA is distinct from GPA in that it represents the cumulative grade point average (CGPA) achieved by a student over the course of a semester or a full year.

Despite the fact that both the GPA and the CGPA are measures of a student’s talents, the CBSE has a curriculum that determines only the CGPA and not the GPA, and this curriculum is not available to other schools. Colleges that employ the CGPA system, on the other hand, calculate the GPA of their students as well.

Different universities use different factors to determine a student’s grade point average (GPA). The fundamental difference between the GPA and the CGPA remains that the GPA is based on grades earned during a term, whereas the CGPA is based on grades earned over the course of a year.

What makes it better or worse than Percentage is not immediately apparent.

Although it is impossible to determine if one of the systems is better or worse than the other, certain data can be considered. Both systems have their advantages and disadvantages.

  • The CGPA system is inaccurate because it does not provide precise information about the grades earned by a student in a given semester.
  • However, it frees the kids from the pressure of achieving higher grades and allows them to concentrate on learning in a more effective manner.

In this world, everything has two faces, one that is nice and one that is bad, just like a coin. As a result, these systems have some advantages and disadvantages that make them both excellent and harmful. However, both systems are geared toward improving a student’s academic performance, and both are beneficial in their own ways.

What is the formula for calculating CGPA?

There are five subjects that are required by the Central Board of Secondary Education and one that is optional in their curriculum.

CGPA = Sum of total GPA in all Semesters/Total Number of Credit Hours

Assume the grade points of the 5 subjects as:
Grade point(GP)=S1+S2+S3+S4+S5

Subject 1 Grades= 10
Subject 2 Grades=9
Subject 3 Grades=10
Subject 4 Grades=8
Subject 5 Grades=10





Grade Table:

Marks Grades CGPA
91 to 100 A1 10
81 to 90 A2 9
71 to 80 B1 8
61 to 70 B2 7
51 to 60 C1 6
41 to 50 C2 5
33 to 40 D 4
21 to 32 E1 0
00 to 20 E2 0

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